A simple and powerful tool developed by two American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingmam. The tool can help you increase your self-awareness regarding you self and furthermore as a tool to find out how others perceive you. It functions as an analytical tool that helps to structure thoughts and perceptions of you and your soundings. The model consists of four quadrants, as you can see in the drawing above
- The upper left quadrant is the open area that is known to one self and to others.
- The below left quadrant is the area that is known to one self but is hidden to others. This could be named your facade.
- The upper right quadrant is what is known to others but not known to one self. This is also called the blind spot. This can be good and bad characteristics about one self. Others may choose to reveal or choose not to reveal this to you.
- The lower right quadrant is unknown to one self and also unknown to others. Again this can be an unexploited potential of good characteristics but can also contain bad characteristics that one want to leave alone.
One purpose of the tool is to get a wider upper left quadrant that contains the open area. One way to do this is to have the a relevant group of people that normally surrounds you to circle out those 5 words that they think describes you in the best way from a closed list of words. Another way to use the tool is in Business Coaching. To let people in an analytical way address how they think others perceive them taken as a training of becoming more aware of interactions between them self and others. They will be limited by their own abilities to interpret such relationships between them self and people on the other hand it will be a more controlled and possible more safe way to enhance their own capabilities regarding interactions between people and them self.